Nous avons eu quelques scandales ici-même : à Montebello en 2007, au G20 de Toronto en 2010, à Montréal en 2012, 2015, etc. L’opinion publique étant outrée, divers corps de police furent finalement contraints d’avouer que leurs agents provocateurs avaient commis des actes de violence et dégainé lors de manifestations.
Extrait du «testament biographique» de Henning Mankell :
«On peut penser que la police a toujours existé, mais ce n’est pas le cas. Il y a eu très tôt des soldats, des valets, des geôliers chargés de ramener les malfaiteurs qui étaient ensuite condamnés à une amende, voire à la peine capitale.
La prison était réservée à des condamnés très particuliers. Ce n’est qu’avec le développement des villes toujours plus vastes et peuplées qu’on a vu naître le besoin d’un corps de police destiné avant tout à contrôler les pauvres et à protéger le pouvoir en place. Des corps de police se sont ainsi constitués dans la plupart des pays européens au XVIIIe siècle alors que dans d’autres parties du monde la police au sens où nous l’entendons aujourd’hui n’existait pas encore.
Nous vivons dans un monde de plus en plus morcelé, où la richesse augmente mais où l’écart entre ceux qui y ont accès et ceux qui n’ont rien s’accroît en proportion. C’est pourquoi les forces de police sont appelées à être toujours plus nombreuses et plus spécialisées.
La police a de l’avenir.
C’est peut-être le principal enseignement que j’ai tiré de cette vision du jeune agent de police zambien, avec son uniforme à la Chaplin, traînant par le col un jeune homme qui apprenait au même moment à jouer son rôle de délinquant.
Il n’était pas juste un «voleur». Il jouait dans une pièce dont nous autres, sur le trottoir, étions les spectateurs.» (Chapitre Voleur et policier, p.318)
SABLE MOUVANT / Fragments de ma vie
Traduit du suédois par Anna Gibson
Éditions du Seuil, septembre 2015
On doit créer des DPM (Départements de Protection des Militants) notamment pour ceux qui militent pour la protection de l’environnement. La triste histoire de Standing Rock ne prouve qu’une chose : les forces policières ne protègent pas les civils, mais les intérêts économiques (privés) nationaux et internationaux des grandes corporations que l’air pur, l’eau propre et la nature effraient au plus haut point. On sait pourquoi.
Standing Rock Documents Expose Inner Workings of “Surveillance-Industrial Complex”
Alleen Brown, Will Parrish, Alice Speri
June 3 2017, 11:57 a.m.
TigerSwan Tactics Part 2
[...] “Everyone watch a different live feed,” Bismarck police officer Lynn Wanner wrote less than 90 minutes after the protest began on the North Dakota Highway 1806 Backwater Bridge. By 4 a.m. on November 21, approximately 300 water protectors had been injured, some severely. Among them was 21-year-old Sophia Wilansky, who nearly lost her arm after being hit by what multiple sworn witnesses say was a police munition.
The emails exchanged that night highlight law enforcement efforts to control the narrative around the violent incident by spreading propaganda refuting Wilansky’s story, demonstrate the agencies’ heavy reliance on protesters’ social media feeds to monitor activities, and reveal for the first time the involvement of an FBI informant in defining the story police would promote.
The exchange is included in documents obtained by The Intercept that reveal the efforts of law enforcement and private security contractors to surveil Dakota Access Pipeline opponents between October and December 2016, as law enforcement’s outsized response to the demonstrators garnered growing nationwide attention and the number of water protectors living in anti-pipeline camps grew to roughly 10,000. Although the surveillance of anti-DAPL protesters was visible at the time – with helicopters circling overhead, contingents of security officials watching from the hills above camp, and a row of blinding lights illuminating the horizon along the pipeline’s right of way – intelligence collection largely took place in darkness.
Last week, The Intercept published an exclusive report detailing TigerSwan’s sweeping enterprise, over nine months and across five states, which included surveillance of activists through aerial technology, social media monitoring, and direct infiltration, as well as attempts to shift public opinion through a counterinformation campaign. The company, made up largely of special operations military veterans, was formed during the war in Iraq and incorporated its counterinsurgency tactics into its effort to suppress an indigenous-led movement centered around protection of water.
[...] Wanner’s email about the FBI informant echoes the story the Morton County Sheriff’s Department would later tell journalists about Wilansky’s injury.
“We probably should be ready for a massive media backlash tomorrow although we are in the right. 244 angry voicemails received so far,” wrote Ben Leingang, a North Dakota state official, at about 10 p.m. on November 20. By morning, images of Wilansky’s severely injured arm were circulating online.
TigerSwan fretted about the backlash, too. “Protesters are claiming over 100 injuries associated with the demonstration and will surely contort video of the event into anti-DAPL propaganda,” the security firm noted in its internal report that next morning.
Ultimately, police promoted a story about the incident that echoed the claims of the FBI informant. On November 22, the Morton County Sheriff’s Department distributed press releases implying that Wilansky’s injury had been caused by a protester’s IED.
Sophia Wilansky’s father, Wayne Wilansky, agreed that “there’s not a shred of truth” to Van Horn’s account of Wilansky’s injury. “Obviously, disinformation is a major component of how they dealt with the protests,” he told The Intercept.
In the reports, TigerSwan declares success in accessing hard-to-find Facebook content, noting in an October 10 document, “The social media cell has harnessed a URL coding technique to discover hidden profiles and groups associated with the protesters.” [...]
Jeremy Scahill, co-founder of The Intercept, spent years reporting on private security contractors such as the private security firm TigerSwan, which has links to the now-defunct mercenary firm Blackwater in charge of coordinating intelligence for the Dakota Access pipeline company. The company’s track record indicates that more than 100 Native Americans and allies fighting the $3.8 billion Dakota Access pipeline have been injured by police in North Dakota. Many were attacked with rubber bullets, tear gas, mace canisters and water cannons in freezing temperatures. The attack began after the water protectors attempted to clear access to a public bridge, which has been blocked by authorities using military equipment chained to concrete barriers. And this firm, TigerSwan, was founded by a Delta Force operative named James Reese and has done voluminous amounts of covert and overt work for the U.S. military in Iraq, in Afghanistan and elsewhere around the world.
June 14, 2017
Washington, D.C. — The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe won a significant victory today in its fight to protect the Tribe’s drinking water and ancestral lands from the Dakota Access pipeline.
A federal judge ruled that the federal permits authorizing the pipeline to cross the Missouri River just upstream of the Standing Rock reservation, which were hastily issued by the Trump administration just days after the inauguration, violated the law in certain critical respects.
In a 91-page decision, Judge James Boasberg wrote, “the Court agrees that [the Corps] did not adequately consider the impacts of an oil spill on fishing rights, hunting rights, or environmental justice, or the degree to which the pipeline’s effects are likely to be highly controversial.” The Court did not determine whether pipeline operations should be shut off and has requested additional briefing on the subject and a status conference next week.
“This is a major victory for the Tribe and we commend the courts for upholding the law and doing the right thing,” said Standing Rock Sioux Chairman Dave Archambault II in a recent statement. “The previous administration painstakingly considered the impacts of this pipeline, and President Trump hastily dismissed these careful environmental considerations in favor of political and personal interests. We applaud the courts for protecting our laws and regulations from undue political influence and will ask the Court to shut down pipeline operations immediately.”
The Tribe’s inspiring and courageous fight has attracted international attention and drawn the support of hundreds of tribes around the nation.
The Tribe is represented by the nonprofit environmental law firm Earthjustice, which filed a lawsuit challenging the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for issuing a permit for the pipeline construction in violation of several environmental laws.